Types of Tea

 Types of Tea

There are countless blends of tea in the world and new blends are being created daily, but when it comes to types of tea, it can be broken down into a handful of different teas. Some say there are 5 basic types of teas. I will be talking about 7 different types of tea. One of the extras you may be very familiar with. The other, you may have never heard of. I can say that I never have and only came across this type while doing some more research about tea. The seven different types of tea I will be talking about would be Green tea, Black tea, White tea, Oolong (or Wulong) tea, Pu'erh tea, Herbal Infusion tea, and Yellow tea.
5 loose teas

loose green tea

Green Tea

The fresh leaves of Camellia sinensis are dehydrated to prevent any chance of oxidation. This is what increased the "green" characteristic of this tea. This tea is produced primarily in China and Japan where over 1500 different varieties can be found. Many health benefits can be found correlated to the consumption of green tea.

Black Tealoose black tea

Black teas undergo the most rigorous oxidation. This is the tea that the west is traditionally most familiar with. In Asia, black tea is known as "red" tea due to the copper color of the infusion they produce. They are also the strongest in taste in comparison to green, white, and oolong teas.

White Tealoose white tea

The best white teas consist completely of buds from the best harvests. White teas undergo the least amount of handling and are dried naturally or with the help of fans to help remove moisture. They are light in taste and very refreshing. Typically among the lowest amount in caffeine apart from herbal infusions.

loose oolong teaOolong (Wulong) Tea

Oolong teas are processed according to a 300 year old tradition, and undergo partial oxidation before being twisted or rolled. The percentage of oxidation will affect the flavor of the tea. Oolong teas that undergo 10%-30% oxidation have a slightly sweet floral aromas. Teas that undergo 40%-70% oxidation will have woody, fruity, and sometimes caramelized tones. "Wulong" means "black dragon". Pretty cool naming, wouldn't you agree?

loose pu-erh teaPu-erh Tea

Pu-erh tea originates in China's Yunnan province and remains a Chinese specialty. This tea is fermented and oxidized after it has been dried and rolled. In China, this is known as black tea. Chinese medical practitioners have used them for centuries for their digestive and cleansing properties. They typically come in two distinct categories of "raw" or "ripe".

loose herbal teaHerbal Infusion Tea

Many may argue we should not call this a "real" tea, and in the truest sense it is not because it is not usually derived from tea leaves. It is instead made from various other plants, herbs, fruits, and spices. This tea typically does not have any caffeine, but is very popular because of the many different combinations possible. As it would be different types of herbs or plants, the health benefits for these types of teas would vary from tea to tea.

loose yellow teaYellow Tea

The rarest and most expensive of them all. The yellow tea undergo slight post-oxidation by steaming under a damp cloth while the leaves are still warm from being dehydrated. This extra step produces a more mellow and less grassy taste than green teas. Yellow tea is only made in China or Korea.

As you can see, there are a lot of different teas out there. What do you prefer? Do you just like them all? Why do you like them? Let me know on the comments below!

4 thoughts on “Types of Tea

  1. Grace

    Loved learning all the different tea leaves! I didn’t know there were that many types actually. I usually have green or black tea. I guess I have had blends too which is made from a combination of these? For example, how are blends like earl grey and camomile teas blended from?

    Thanks for your interesting post!

    1. Joshua L.

      Great question Grace. I will be covering those areas with pages to come. Earl Grey for example is actually classified as a black tea. Keep checking on this site for more information to come. 🙂

  2. Brandon

    Thanks for the great article. I knew there were a lot of different tea types, but it’s good to know the descriptions of them all! My favorite is still probably the green tea, for the simple fact that it provides a myriad of health benefits, as you so bluntly put it 🙂 Also, it is good to know that herbal tea isn’t actually tea, I will have to see if my aunt knows about this since she is a tea enthusiast (well she think she is, haha). Great job on the article, keep up the good work!

    1. Joshua L.

      Thanks Brandon. I was a little hesitant to mention “herbal” teas as type of tea as well since it really isn’t due to the lack of tea leaves. I decided to include it because I suspect a lot of people may ask about it later.

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